Life of Filipino in colonial period

P. N. ABINALES: American Rule and the Formation of Filipino Colonial Nationalism script after he ended his term as vice-governor and completed a draft by November 1941. The book was published a year later and it covers the period 1916-41, starting when the Americans began to expedite the tutelage training of Filipinos and ending with. In 1896, when the Spanish regime refused long-standing Filipino requests to reform the islands' colonial government, the Philippines erupted into rebellion. Two years into that conflict the islands suddenly became a crucial theater in the War of 1898, as Spain's empire receded and America's expanded The Philippines was colonized by the Spanish for over 300 years - up until the end of the Spanish -American War in 1898. Spain lost, and so they had to hand over the Philippine islands to the United States, who then took their place as overseers for the next fifty years Known as ilustrados, they shaped a Filipino national identity within a colonial setting. Previously, Filipino was a white Spaniard born in the Philippines. Natives formerly called Indio mestizo by the Spanish, were now a Christianized, Hispanicized population in the lowland and coastal regions of the Philippines

The Spanish colonization of the Philippines brought about numerous influences because the Spaniards had the luxury of time in penetrating the Filipino culture. The Spaniards colonized the Philippines for more than three centuries, the longest period that the Philippines experienced foreign rule While most Filipinos' way of life at the present time is largely influenced by the values of our colonial masters, there are still crucial parts of being Filipino — from how meals center around.. The staple food of the early filipinos was rice aside from rice food consisted also a root crops like yam and sweet potato coconuts and tropicals fruits like guava papaya and bananas. The pre colonial society was divided into three socials : 1.Maharlika or nobles. 2.Timawa or freemen. 3.Alipin or slaves. Show full text Early Filipino in the Pre-Hispanic Period - slide share. 1. THE IMPORTANCE OF TOPOGRAPHY Communities before lived near bodies ofwater. Houses were lined along the coasts ofseas, bays, rivers and lakes.WHY?•. Food from the water resources• Easy access to food• Means of transportation• Not easily attacked by an enemy Life of filipino in pre colonial period essay Neco chemistry essay and objective answers 2020, my favourite fruit essay for class 3? Research paper is a documented dash work, how to come up with an attention getter for an essay strategy case study assignment smoking should be banned in the workplace (inside and out) essay slang language essay

The Philippines gained independence in 1946. As Asia's oldest democracy, the Philippines bears a history densely woven with a record of defiance against social and colonial oppression, as exemplified by Jose Rizal (1861-1896), whose novels and writings against Spanish rule solidified Filipinos' love for independence and freedom Philippine pre-colonial society is both different and the same as in the present. Some aspects of the pre-colonial period have survived into our time. The following is a description of the way of life of pre-colonial Filipinos History Final Project: 10 Reasons Why Life was Better in Pre-Colonial Philippines. Please subscribe! Thank you!This was a school project back in my freshman.

Life in pre-colonial Philippines was governed by a set of statutes, both unwritten and written, and contained provisions with regards to civil and criminal laws. Usually, it was the datu and the village elders who promulgated such laws, which were then announced and explained to the people by a town crier called the umalohokan Certain events from the nation's history had forced lowland Filipinos to begin counting the years of history from 1521, the first time written records by Westerners referred to the archipelago later to be called Las islas Filipinas RELIGIOUS BELIEFS Pre-colonial Filipinos believed in the immortality of the soul and in life after death. They also believed in the existence of a number of gods whom they worship and made offerings to according to rank. i.e. Bathalang Maykapal (Creator) etc. 4. Filipinos also venerated the dead by keeping alive their memory by carving idols of.

The Philippines, 1898-1946 US House of Representatives

Early in the pre-colonial period, the ancient peoples of the Philippines did not have any writing system, and so they relied on oral tradition in recording folklore and folk history We explore more aspects of Philippine economic history during the American colonial period (1898 to 1941, inclusive). This was a critical period of preparation for political independence which. During the pre-Hispanic period, the Philippines had a simple type of culture; the type of education being taught was basic, and it was taught in the standard alphabet, Alibata or Baybayin. As for their living circumstances, they lived in small areas that were spread out called Balangays or Barangays

The history of the Philippines from 1565 to 1898, also known as the Spanish Philippines or the Spanish colonial period, was the period during which the Philippines were ruled as the Captaincy General of the Philippines within the Spanish East Indies, initially under New Spain until Mexican independence in 1821, which gave Madrid direct control over the area Also Read: 10 Reasons Why Life Was Better In Pre-Colonial Philippines During the ritual, the girl who was having her first period was secluded, covered, and blindfolded. Isolation usually lasted for four days if the woman was a commoner, while those belonging to the principal class had to go through this process for as long as a month and. The history of the Philippines between 900 and 1565 begins with the creation of the Laguna Copperplate Inscription in 900 and ends with Spanish colonisation in 1565. The inscription records its date of creation in the year 822 of the Hindu Saka calendar, corresponding to 900 AD in the Gregorian system.Therefore, the recovery of this document marks the end of prehistory of the Philippines at.

by Jean Cheng Before the Spanish Colonization Period in the 16th Century, the early Filipinos were dispersed near bodies of water such as ravines, lakeshores, and coastal barangays colonial rule. Various farming arrangements were characteristic of the early period and the Filipino peasants reacted and were affected in varying degrees to the imposition of a feudal mode of production. The proto-peasants of the pre-colonial period In their historical periodisation of the Philippines, both Guerrero (1972) an The relative ease with which the United States dispatched the Spanish squadron in Manila Bay was only the beginning of what would become a nearly 50-year American presence in the Philippines. It was one thing to capture the islands, but another thing entirely to set up a working administration. The Philippines encompasses about 7,100 islands and sits nearly 8,600 miles away from Washington, DC. Period: Mar 16, 1521 to Dec 31, 1898. The colonial history of the Philippines Apr 14, 1521. Magellan made a gift At April 27, 1565, he arrived at the Visayas, founded many colonial settlements, allied with the chiefs and fought other tribes. Jan 1, 1567 The Life in the Philippines before the Spanish Regime. This article was taken from oocities.org where it discusses the pre-colonial period of the Philippines. THE DIM CENTURIES prior to Magellan's arrival in 1521 were formerly unknown to historians. It is only in recent years that history's frontiers have been explored by both historians.

COLONIALISM is defined as a system in which one country creates an empire by taking over other lands and making them into colonies. As such, colonies don't have the power over themselves, as the colonizing country takes over resources and money. The Philippines has a long history of being colonized. Majority was (and longest) b As a Filipino: Spain was the kindest colonial power during the colonial era. Especially in the later centuries (18th and 19th centuries) when integration was more or less established. If not for the abuses of the local friars and the local colonia.. The Concept of Time According to Pre-Colonial Filipinos. The importance of time remains a constant - from the older ages when clocks were still unknown, to our current period where time itself literally runs our lives. From the beginning of our life, we are taught how to use our time wisely and treat it like gold because of its. It all started during the Spanish colonial period when various forms of capital punishment were introduced to the country. It ranged from burning and garrote to hanging and decapitation. Also Read: 1 Old Colorized Photos Reveal The Fascinating Filipino Life Between 1900 - 1960 After ten years of military rule and some changes in the life of the Filipino which started under the new society, Martial Rule was at last lifted on January 2, 1981. A historian called this the Third Republic. The first he claimed was during the Philippine Republic of Emilio Aguinaldo when we first got our independence from the Spaniards

The role of women in the Philippines (Filipino: Kababaihan sa Pilipinas) is explained based on the context of Filipino culture, standards, and mindsets.The Philippines is described to be a nation of strong women, who directly and indirectly run the family unit, businesses, government agencies and haciendas.. Although they generally define themselves in the milieu of a male-dominated post. Life of the filipino during pre colonial period - 2011566 solanovince84581 solanovince84581 26.11.2018 History Junior High School answered Life of the filipino during pre colonial period 1 See answer aelyluan123 aelyluan123 Hindi pantay ang pagtingin ng mga kalalakihan sa mga kababaihan The Spanish colonial Era also introduced the use of hats and shoes as fashion staples in the Filipino style during the 1500's to the 1800's. After the Spaniards, the Americans were the next most influential factor in the evolution of the true Filipino style. Since the Barong Tagalog and Baro't Saya were not practical to wear on a tropical. A. FILIPINO POETRY DURING THIS PERIOD. The common theme of most poems during the Japanese occupation was nationalism, country, love, and life in the barrios, faith, religion and the arts. Three types of poems emerged during this period. 1. Haiku - a poem of free verse that the Japanese like. It was made up of 17 syllables divided into three.

SPANISH COLONIAL period. The Spanish colonization in the Philippines lasted for 3 centuries. During this time, religion was significantly introduced to explain the concepts of catholicism and to show them the different stories of Christ's life. They incorporated this in the different arts, sculptures, music, dances, and in theatre Filipino Americans - History, Spanish rule, 1565-1898 Du-Ha. AMERICAN COLONIAL PERIOD, 1898-1946 U.S. President William McKinley sent several commissions to the Philippines even as the U.S. Army fought the Filipinos

By the 14th century many Filipinos in the southern areas had been converted to Islam. They were called Moros by the Spanish. The Spanish were not able to fully contain the Moros until the latter half of the 19th century. In the early period the colony was quite isolated from Spain, which led to near autonomy by the colonial leaders Reflection: During the Pre colonial period, Philippines was already rich in natural resources like rice, herbs, egg, meat and other poultry products. Barter and exchange of goods already were present. The main livelihood products were coconut, rice and sugarcane. Filipinos worked often as farmers, fisherman or servants of wealthy Filipinos Table of Contents Big IdeaBig IdeaSpanish Colonial Philippine LiteratureBig Idea Before the Philippines was colonized, it was already - brimming with a rich tradition of oral literature. Early Filipinos weaved together countless myths and legends to explain certain phenomena in life. They had stories on how the world was created—why there is a sun in [ Pre-Colonial (early times - 1564. Pre-Colonial (early times - 1564) Filipinos often lose sight of the fact that the first period of the Philippine literary history is the longest. Certain events from the nation's history had forced lowland Filipinos to begin counting the years of history from 1521, the first time written records by. The development and progress of Filipino women. Manila: Bureau of Print, 1928 Sobritchea, Carolyn Israel. Women's Role Philippine History: Selected Essays 2nd edition. American Colonial Education and its impact on the status of Filipino women. Diliman, Quezon City: University Center for Women's Studies and the University of the Philippines.

4 Ways Colonialism Affects the Everyday Lives of Filipino

During most of the Spanish colonial period, the Philippine economy depended on the Galleon Trade which was inaugurated in 1565 between Manila and Acapulco , Mexico . Trade between Spain and the Philippines was via the Pacific Ocean to Mexico ( Manila to Acapulco ), and then across the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean to Spain ( Veracruz to. Historical Background of Philippine Literature During the Modern Period. Literature and history are closely related. In discovering the history of a race, the feelings, aspirations, customs and traditions of a people are sure to be included. These man's feelings, aspirations, customs and traditions that are written is literature Bahay Na Bato: The Parts Of A Stately Filipino House During The Spanish Colonial Period On February 17, 2021, Casa Manila in Intramuros reopened its doors, showcasing the redesign by the architect J Anton Mendoza / Photo by J. Anton Mendoz

Pre spanish period in the philippines

The Colonial Legacy of Racism Among Filipinos — Positively

  1. Wickberg, Edgar. The Chinese in Philippine Life: 1850-1898. New Haven: Yale UP, 1965. Nicholas P. Cushner, Landed Estates in the Colonial Philippines (New Haven, 1976), 23-34. Phelan, John Leddy. The Hispanization of the Philippines: Spanish Aims and Filipino Reponses: 1565- 1700. Madison: University of Wisconsin P, 1959
  2. in the Philippines During the Colonial Period Now I shall discuss the impact of American education in the Philippines during the colonial period. At this time, perhaps, it would be essential to point out what role education was to play in the colonial regime in order to have an idea of its broad impact on the life and culture of the Filipino
  3. g activities. transform nature on a large scale, since economic development was not far advanced in the pre-colonial period. Keeping this in consideration, what was the way of life of the pre colonial Filipino
  4. antly negative effect. The Philippines has been colonized throughout much of it's history by major powers; 1458-1521 - Bruneian Empire (63 years) (pre-European Colonial period) 1521-1898 - Spain (333 years) (discovered in 1521 con..

Video: Spanish Colonization - the Philippines: a Colon

In pre-colonial Philippines, we already had kinilaw and

  1. Spanish historians, writing about the early Filipinos, affirmed that there was hardly a man or woman who could not read and write. There was oral and written literature. Such was the state of culture of the Filipinos when Ferdinand Magellan arrived in the Philippines at the head of a Spanish expedition searching for the Spice Islands in 1521
  2. The Pre-Colonial Period Prehistoric man is believed to have first settled in the Philippines 250,000 years ago, but on the basis of the most recent discoveries in the Palawan caves, the oldest human fossils remains are about to between 40,000 and 50,000 years ago. Learn 46 of the most legit and best ways to earn money online in the Philippines
  3. Philippines - Philippines - The early republic: Roxas, as expected, extended amnesty to all major collaborators with Japan. In the campaign for the election of 1949 there was an attempt to raise the collaboration issue against José Laurel, the Nacionalista presidential candidate, but it was not effective. In the fluidity of Philippine politics, guerrillas and collaborators were by.
  4. REFLECTION: Pre-colonial Filipinos are unlike from the Filipinos after the Spanish period. This shows that even before the Spanish came to the Philippines, we already have established our original way of living. The Filipinos possessed an elaborate civilization in the past, but because of the colonization of different countries, our perception.

The first Filipino novel was Ninay, written in Spanish by Pedro Paterno, a Philippine-bornilustrado (Medina p. 93). Following the sentimental style of his first book Sampaguitas (a collection of poems in Spanish), the novel endeavored to highlight the endearingly unique qualities of Filipinos. National Hero Jose Rizal (1861 - 1896) chose the. Precolonial Period. Filipinos often lose sight of the fact that the first period of the Philippine literary history is the longest. Certain events from the nation's history had forced lowland Filipinos to begin counting the years of history from 1521, the first time written records by Westerners referred to the archipelago later to be called Las Islas Filipinas The most fundamental aspect of Philippine history is the history of the struggles of its people for freedom and a better life. It was in the course of the anti-colonial struggles against Spain that the native inhabitants of the archipelago gradually became conscious of their identity as one nation The neo colonial period saw different groups of people rise to power but in the Philippine context was not identified as bourgeois. In the Philippines during the Spanish Colonial period, the bourgeoisie is similar to the elites in a sense that they hold power. However, since the Philippines was under colonial rule and everything seems to be rushed

Religious Beliefs During Pre-Colonial Period in the Philippines. Topics: Religion, God, Death Pages: 2 (600 words) Published: April 7, 2013. RELIGIOUS BELIEFS. The ancient Filipinos believed in the immortality of the soul and in life after death. Their rituals were based on beliefs in a ranking deity whom they called Bathalang Maykapal and a. The name of the Philippines comes from the king of Spain Philip II.It was given by the Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos who named the islands of Samar and Leyte Las Islas Felipinas (The Philippine Islands), during his expedition in 1543. Throughout the colonial period, the name Felipinas (Philippines) was used, and became the official name of the Philippines

Pre colonial period of philippines by Yds Reye

The importance of Pre-Colonial Philippine Literature is to preserve the culture and the literatures or stories made by our ancestors up to the future readers so they can remember and read the stories, poems, literatures, etc. in the past. Another is so we can entertain children even adults the importance of this and thats an The only thing that we can say in the Spanish colonization is that we felt different emotions. We felt angry because the Spaniards abused the Filipino they treated them as slaves. We felt sad because their are many Filipinos sacrificed their own lives just for the sake of the country man. And for the freedom of our country

Early Filipino in the Pre-Hispanic Period - slide shar

Philippines - Philippines - The Spanish period: Spanish colonial motives were not, however, strictly commercial. The Spanish at first viewed the Philippines as a stepping-stone to the riches of the East Indies (Spice Islands), but, even after the Portuguese and Dutch had foreclosed that possibility, the Spanish still maintained their presence in the archipelago The Spanish Era in the Philippines When European traders, in search for a new route to the Spice Islands, stumbled into the Philippine archipelago in 1521, they found the people living in a comparatively high state of civilization. The natives dwelt on houses made of bamboo and palm leaves, and were properly attired at all times What were the ethnic-racial categories used during the Spanish colonial period? How did the categories affect the everyday life of the Filipinos? - Chapter 6 1. Peninsulares - The highest level of the racial hierarchy in Philippines is composed by Peninsulares class. These were the person of pure Spanish descent born in Spain Pre-Colonial or Pre-Conquest. 900 - 1521. Pre-Colonial period refers to the art before the coming of the first colonizers. During those times the Philippines already have an indigenous art tradition that is unique and rich. Culture and traditions were passed on during community gathering through stories, songs, chants, music, and dance • Ancient Philippine literature was generally in oral tradition. • Most of the ancient literary forms were in oral tradition since there was no system of writing that existed during the pre-colonial period. • Literature contains historical and cultural pieces of information that were used to reveal the way of life of our forebears. PRE.

Life of filipino in pre colonial period essa

Almost all aspects of the way of life of pre-colonial Filipinos at for! Independent physically but not psychologically 1940 a colonial period View SCIENCE_EDUCATION_IN_THE_PHILIPPINES.ppt from STS GE- 101 De. American occupation modernized almost all aspects of the pre-colonial period have survived into our time learned.. In other words, Filipino literature was given a break during this period. Many wrote plays, poems, short stories etc. topics and themes were often about life in the provinces. FILIPINO POETRY DURING THIS PERIOD The common theme of most poems during the Japanese occupation wa

History and Culture Ateneo Globa

  1. PRE-SPANISH PERIOD Reasons Why Life Was Better In Pre-Colonial Philippines • Women Enjoyed Equal Status With Men. • Society Was More Tolerant Back Then. • The People Enjoyed A Higher Standard Of Government. • We Were Self-Sufficient. • We Had Smoother Foreign Relations. • Our Forefathers Already Possessed A Working Judicial And Legislative System • They Had The Know-how To Make.
  2. ation by the Spanish to its present day Maoist insurgency. The modern history of the Philippines has been defined by the do
  3. Most of the Filipinos still use toothpaste that was introduced by the Americans many decades ago. Filipinos love to listen to hip-hop songs by foreign rappers and hate not being in on the latest American hit movie. Yes, Filipinos are still shadows of their colonial past, a past that is akin to a leech stuck to the national character
  4. The Christian Filipino natives adapted to the life and ways of the colonizers. Now of course they also developed the mentality that they are different from the non-Christians. One distinct characteristic of Philippine History during the Spanish era is that there is very little written accounts regarding the Indigenous People

Philippines' Pre-Colonial Period - YouTub

  1. visible in the current life ofthe nation. As in the Spanish period. American colonial rule, essentially continued the pattern ofsocio­ economic exploitation ofthe Philippines with the collaboration of a native political elite. The Americans did not disturb the lopsided feudal social structure.even as they undertookprogram
  2. The colonial history of the Philippines is the primary factor in the existence of colonial mentality among its constituents. It is believed to be a consequence of more than four centuries of colonization under Spain and the United States of America. According to the theories of Memmi, Fanon, and Freire, a salient effect of colonization is the.
  3. Celebrating the 123rd Philippine Independence Day: What independence means to Filipinos Ritchel Mendiola June 9, 2021 Filipino American-led 'We Heart L.A. Parks' celebrates the rich history of Los Angeles parks and the diverse communities that uplift the
  4. periods of Philippine history: Pre-Colonial, Colonial, and Post-Colonial. Each of these traditions is also characterized by its own set of genre and generative themes in line with the spirit of the times. The paper concludes that all these five major literary traditions make up the Filipino today and are
  5. World's Best PowerPoint Templates - CrystalGraphics offers more PowerPoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from. Winner of the Standing Ovation Award for Best PowerPoint Templates from Presentations Magazine. They'll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today's audiences expect
  6. Weaving in the Philippines exists simultaneously throughout the regions, from the north to the south. It is the reflection of an indigenous group's form of pre-colonial religious beliefs, the family tradition of passing the art form down to the younger generations and the opportunity it has given to the indigenous groups for trade and.

10 Reasons Why Life Was Better In Pre-Colonial Philippine

  1. ated one's life as a warrior but it also had several connections with our animistic roots. The names of tattoo designs used by our ancestors were recorded by Scott and most of these designs reflected the beautiful imagery of nature
  2. With the Cuentos Filipinos, the short story made its debut in the Philippines. It would be, however, another half-century, a revolution, and a turnover of colonial masters until the first Filipino short stories in English written by Filipinos would appear. However, depending on who you ask, the native Filipino alamat may also be called a short.
  3. The Spanish Period started in 1521 and ended in 1900. Crispin Maslog in his Philippine Mass Communications, a Mini-History stated that though the written works under this era were produced by the Spaniards and were written in Spanish as a tool to epitomize their powerful colonial rule over their colonies, this was still the period that marked the foundation of a press in our country - a.


In the American colonial period, 1900-1946, a lot of Protestant teachers and missionaries came to the Philippines to 'purify' what they viewed as the incorrect or 'syncretic' characteristics of charismatic blends of Filipino Roman Catholicism. The Aglipayans were among the first to try to Filipinize Roman Catholicism and were popular in the. During the American colonial period of the Philippines (1898-1943), the American government gave priority to education in the Philippines. Education became very important for the Filipinos. The spread of democracy and formation of good citizens, including the rights and responsibilities of the people, were the focus of American education in the. But Japan left no permanent mark on the Filipino way of life. Once the Japanese left, the Filipinos reverted back to life pretty much the way it was before they had even come. It would be years later before the Japanese would start to influence Filipino culture. Today their influence in the Philippines is quite prevalent Philippine Literature in the Spanish Colonial Period. Published on February 29, 2016. by esielbc. The existing literature of the Philippine ethnic groups at the time of conquest and conversion into Christianity was mainly oral, consisting of epics, legends, songs, riddles, and proverbs. The conquistador, especially its ecclesiastical arm.

Traditional Medicine in the Colonial Philippines | University of the Philippines Press

Religious Experiences and Spirituality: Indigenous

Yet Filipinos believed that proper ritual feasting of the spirits would appease them, and result in good harvests, healthy recovery of the ill, and the fertility of women. The legacy of Spanish conquest and colonial rule in the Philippines, as is true of all colonial attempts to 'master' or manage indigenous populations, is mixed period under the Spanish rule from 1531-1898, and the period un­ der the American rule which began in 1898. In the study of Philippine history one faces an obstruction impassable to the majority of students. This is the matter of sources of information. In the colonial enterprises of Spai His oarsmen wore gold necklaces. Iberein is merely an example of some of the wealthy and influential rulers of the Philippines in pre-colonial times. Among the most wealthy and powerful were Rajah Sulayman and Lakan Dula of Manila (circa 1570), and Sultan Kudarat of Maguindanao (circa 1619 to 1671)

The Rarely Told Story of Pre-Colonial Philippines

The mystery of Pre-Colonial Philippines. 5. min read. 05/02/2018 PhilLife History 1. Few people realize that before the Spanish colonization, the Philippines was already home to a vibrant thriving society of native tribes. When someone talks about the history of the Philippines, the conversation generally begins with the arrival of the Spanish During the Spanish colonial period from the 16th to the 19th century, the racial mixture in the Philippines occurred on a quite smaller scale as compared to the other Spanish territories. A caste system, like that used in the Spanish America, existed in the Philippines, with some explicit differences The author of this massive (472 page) volume dedicated to Philippine history was the Dean of the College of Liberal Arts at the University of the Philippines. The book contains an enormous amount of information from prehistory, through the Spanish colonial era (the bulk of its contents) to the early period of US occupation Does it deal only with religious issues or does it also tackle the life of Filipinos during the colonial period? The Labor Evangelica, Second Part, deals with many aspects, mostly related to Spanish activities during 17th-century Philippines. Nonetheless, there are also sketches about Filipino lives and beliefs Filipino Artists during the Spanish Era. Read this first: The Spanish Colonial Tradition in Philippine Visual Arts by Eloisa May P. Hernandez. When the Spaniards arrived in the Philippines in 1521, the colonizers used art as a tool to propagate the Catholic faith through beautiful images. With communication as problem, the friars used images to.

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Apr 8, 2017 - Information and photos about the Spanish military and government forces in the Philippine Islands during their 400 years of colonial rule. See more ideas about philippines, spanish colonial, philippine

The Precolonial Philippine Governments Datu Press

The Philippine Pre- Colonial Literature Literary Period: Pre-Colonial Early Times - 1564 Filipinos often lose sight of the fact that the first period of the Philippine literary history is the longest. Certain events from the nation's history had forced lowland Filipinos to begin counting the years of history from 1521, the first time writte EXECUTIVE. LEGISLATOR. JUDGE. SUPREME COMMANDER DURING WAR. • Disputes were decided peacefully through a court composed of the chieftain as judge and the barangay elders as jury. • Trials were held publicly and decisions were rendered promptly. • The accused, to show his honesty and sincerity, took an oath. RULE

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The early Chinese immigrants who came to the Philippines during Spanish times were first called Sangleyes (which meant businessmen or frequent visitors). They were later called Intsik (from the Malay word encik, meaning venerable uncle).Though the etymology of the term itself has no pejorative connotation, its later usage did add a racial slur, Intsik beho tulo laway. In 1564, the Franciscans built the First Hospital in the Philippines, Hospital Real. The 1573 royal ordinance of King Philip II, known as the Laws of the Indies, was prescribed and stated that every town was to have a gridiron design (cuadricula) with a central square (plaza). In 1583, Intramuros was destroyed by fire, requiring new buildings. The clothing style and fashion sense of the Filipinos in the modern-day era has been influenced by their native ancestors, the Spaniards (the Philippines was a colony of the Spanish Empire for around 300 years), the Americans (the Philippines was a territory of the United States for about 50 years), and even the Japanese (Japanese soldiers occupied the Philippines during World War II), as.